The 100 Most Influent Philosophers of All Time by Brian Duignan …”an ultimate good was a state in which the soul lives peacefully and tranquilly, undisturbed by fear or superstition or any other feeling” “Aristotle uses “Happiness” to designate the highest human good, by which he means well-being or Flourishing, not a feeling of contentment. Thomas More - Top 100 Western Philosophers. St. Thomas of Aquino - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Heraclitus of Ephesus was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher, who regarded himself as self-taught and a pioneer of wisdom. I think, therefore I am ... influential. B.F. Skinner - Top 100 Western Philosophers. influential. Famous For: being the “most influential English speaking philosopher of the 19th century” John Stuart is regarded as “the most influential English speaking philosopher of the 19th century”. The 100 Most Influential Philosophers of All Time by Brian Dunignan George Edward Moore was an English philosopher known as one of the founders of the analytic tradition in philosophy and along with Russell he led the turn away from idealism in British philosophy and became well known for his advocacy of common sense concepts. The top pragmatist philosophers include: Ernst Mach was an Austrian physicist and philosopher of science, who had a major influence on logical positivism and through his criticism of Newton, a forerunner of Einstein’s relativity. Adam Smith - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Lev Vygotsky - Top 100 Western Philosophers. I think, therefore I am . �������x�K�3LxBxc�p@8"g!q�x�r��Ԕ7J���3tQft��c}*�3ѕ����6�} His posthumously published Philosophical Investigations (1953) was ranked as the most important book of 20th-century philosophy. As the Bolshevik Revolution is considered the most significant political event in the 20th century, then Lenin must for good or ill be regarded as the century’s most significant political leader. fB༮,�}�̹���@��".T�����D��u[��4�o���u�T}�� Nicolas Malebranche was a French Oratorian and rationalist philosopher known for synthesizing the thought of St. Augustine and Descartes, in order to demonstrate the active role of God in every aspect of the world and famous for his doctrines of Vision in God and Occasionalism. Simone de Beauvoir was a French existentialist philosopher, public intellectual, and social theorist  best known for her metaphysical novels, including She Came to Stay and The Mandarins. The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart, an astrophysicist, alien life researcher and white separatist. Sir Thomas More was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist known to coined the word "utopia" – a name he gave to the ideal, imaginary island nation whose political system he described in Utopia, published in 1516. He is mostly known as the author of The Theory of Moral Sentiments and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations and widely cited as the father of modern economics and capitalism. Rudolf Carnap was an influential German-born philosopher who was active in Europe before 1935 and in the United States thereafter known for being a key member of the Vienna Circle and an advocate of logical positivism. Pythagoras -- Confucius -- Heracleitus -- Parmenides -- Zeno of Elea -- Socrates -- Democritus -- Plato -- Aristotle -- Mencius -- Zhuangzi -- Pyrrhon of Elis -- Epicurus -- Zeno of Citium -- Philo Judaeus -- Marcus Aurelius -- Nagarjuna -- Plotinus -- Sextus Empiricus -- Saint Augustine -- Hypatia -- Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius -- Śaṅkara -- Yaqūb ibn Ishāq aṣ-Ṣabāḥ al-Kindī -- Al-Fārābī -- Avicenna -- Rāmānuja -- Ibn Gabirol -- Saint Anselm of Canterbury -- al-Ghazālī -- Peter Abelard -- Averroës -- Zhu Xi -- Moses Maimonides -- Ibn al-'Arabī -- Shinran -- Saint Thomas Aquinas -- John Duns Scotus -- William of Ockham -- Niccolò Machiavelli -- Wang Yangming -- Francis Bacon, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron of Verulam -- Thomas Hobbes -- René Descartes -- John Locke -- Benedict de Spinoza -- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz -- Giambattista Vico -- George Berkeley -- Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu -- David Hume -- Jean-Jacques Rousseau -- Immanuel Kant -- Moses Mendelssohn -- Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de Condorcet -- Jeremy Bentham -- Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel -- Arthur Schopenhauer -- Auguste Comte -- John Stuart Mill -- Søren Kierkegaard -- Karl Marx -- Herbert Spencer -- Wilhelm Dilthey -- William James -- Friedrich Nietzsche -- Friedrich Ludwig Gottlob Frege -- Edmund Husserl -- Henri Bergson -- John Dewey -- Alfred North Whitehead -- Benedetto Croce -- Nishida Kitarō -- Bertrand Russell -- G.E. Jean-Paul Sartre - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Thomas Aquinas was an Italian Dominican priest and an immensely influential philosopher and theologian in the tradition of scholasticism. He is also famous for being the tutor and later advisor to the emperor Nero. This compendium of the world's greatest thinkers includes the likes of Confucius, Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, Hannah Arendt, and René Descartes. Mainly, he was a defender of political philosophy and he comes from the school of utilitarianism. In other words, matter is the only substance. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the mechanism of repression. Adam Smith was a Scottish social philosopher and a pioneer of political economy, as well as one of the key figures of the Scottish Enlightenment. �0��=�iMl�����"J��C�T Austin - Top 100 Western Philosophers. This compendium of the world's greatest thinkers includes the likes of Confucius, Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, Hannah Arendt, and Ren Ďescartes, United States, Britannica Digital Learning | Made available through hoopla, 2010, One hundred most influential philosophers of all time, Britannica guide to the world's most influential people, http://bibfra.me/vocab/lite/collectionName, http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName, The Britannica guide to the world's most influential people. h�b```"i� � cb%Ug/ ϪGL!���[���|��^�S`n`�`������P���%{��fe In the philosophy of perception, idealism is contrasted with realism, in which the external world is said to have an apparent absolute existence. Voltaire was one of several Enlightenment figures whose works and ideas influenced important thinkers of both the American and French Revolutions. Friedrich Nietzsche - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Chalesr Darwin - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Diogenes the Cynic was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy who believed that virtue was better revealed in action than in theory. The 100 Most Influential Philosophers of All Time. Denis Diderot - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Embed this data in a secure (HTTPS) page: Creative (Ed. Auguste Comte  was a French philosopher known to be the founder of the discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism. ", Martin Heidegger - Top 100 Western Philosophers. Honorees include a range of leaders, advocates, innovators, artists, government officials, and visionaries from around the world.. He wrote influential books on the young science of psychology, educational psychology, psychology of religious experience, mysticism and on the philosophy of pragmatism. Jacques Derrida - Top 100 Western Philosophers.

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